This section provides a collage of scholarly articles published as part of the most recently upoaded conference proceedings and journal issues to IOARP Digital Library. Recent Publications are not only an indicator of the current themes of IOARP conferences and journals but also a reflection of recent trends in a particular research domain.

 

If you are interested in Recent Publications of a particular conference or a journal, please visit the Recent Publications section in its respective website. If you want to access the list of our conferences and journals, please visit Browse Subjects menu option in the IOARP website. If you are still unsure, please write to us on info@ioarp.org.

 




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Evaluation of Farmers Vs Improved Production Technology for Enhanced Wheat Productivity Under the Rainfed Conditions of Kohat Region

Muhammad Khan, Mirza Hassan, Fahim Ullah Khan

Abstract

An improved rain fed wheat variety Pirsabak-91 was tested against a local cultivar each under improved and farmer practices of production on farmer field under Barani condition of Kohat region. The experiment was carried out at seven different locations with the objective to determine the impact of improved practices on yield of different wheat in comparison to farmer practices and introduce the same to farming community at the farm. Improved practices involved line sowing , improved variety, seed treatment with beneath @ 3 gm/kg seed, standard dose of fertilizer application and proper weed control while farmer practices consisted of broad casting of local cultivar, no seed treatment, no fertilizer application and no weed control measures. Varieties, practices and its interaction significantly affected biological yield (kg ha-1). Improved variety PS-91, produced 10% more biological yield of 5623 kg ha-1 as compared to 5031 kg ha-1 biological yield produced by farmer variety. Improved practices produced 12 % more biological yield of 5589 kg ha-1 than farmer practices (5077 kg ha-1). Grain yield was also significantly affected by varieties and practices. About 17.5 %more grain yield (2352 kg ha-1) was recorded for improved variety while local variety produced 2002 kg ha-1 grain yield. Yield gap of 15% was noted between improved practices (2332 kg ha-1) and farmer practices (2022 kg ha-1) for wheat under rain fed agro climatic conditions of Kohat.

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Impact of Various Irrigation Configurations and Management Systems on Plant Diseases and Cultural Practice

Vikrant Ram, Maman Wijaya, M. K. Chandran, Alford Zemlak

Abstract

The viable management of plant diseases is of fundamental importance for food production, forestry, and other plant-derived products, just as for the sustainability of natural environments. While considering the effect of a plant pathogen, the financial costs caused by a flare-up usually receive the most focus, yet there are other substantially less comprehended ramifications for the influenced society, culture, and environment due to disease. This inadequately studied area is especially significant for rising flare-ups, of which limited knowledge is accessible to devise management strategies, yet decisions must be made swiftly (Almeida, 2018). Cultural Practices (CPs) can be tackled for the management of foliar and soil borne diseases by creating an environment which is favorable for the crop and unfavorable for the pathogen. Sufficient water provision to roots is essential to warrant manageable harvests of agricultural crops globally. However, water applied in abundance or in shortage may result in the advancement of numerous applied and bacterial plant diseases, which compromise produce yield and quality. Irrigation is in this way ostensibly the most significant cultural practice in the management of plant diseases, particularly with regards to the journey of a progressively manageable, less chemically dependent agriculture. Moreover, plant infection vector population levels and vector dispersal are additionally influenced by the technique for irrigation. This paper surveys experimental data on the impact of various irrigation configurations and management systems on some representative plant diseases and cultural practices. (Café-Filho, 2018)

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An Analysis of the Causes and Impacts of the 2008 Global Financial Crisis 

Mario Pepur, Sternka Koritarova, Szucs Henrietta

Abstract

This research evaluates the causes and consequences of global financial crisis of 2008. The analysis indicates that the unrealistic assumptions were the major reason behind mispricing in the unregulated market causing credit default swaps which finally resulted in explosion of residential mortgage defaults. In second half of the paper we will discuss the consequences of this financial crisis and how it affected the global economy and resulted in unprecedented job losses.

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Strategic Management: Case Study of a UK Retailer

Xue T'ao, Nadhirah Zaimi, Jono Santoso

Abstract

Tesco is the third-largest retailer in the world measured by gross revenues and ninth-largest retailer in the world measured by revenues. This paper analyses the strategic management at Tesco in different dimensions. We attempt to study its business economics using objectives and mission statement, PESTEL analysis, and SWOT analysis. We analyse its strategy and processes by evaluation of the alignment of company’s direction with its vision statement, and through the use of balance scorecards and utilising game theory technique. We also explore the aspects of international expansion strategy of Tesco by evaluating various positional international markets and through employing PEST analysis.

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The Role of Learning Disability Liaison Nurse in Providing High Standard Care to the Service Users with Learning Disabilities

M S Quereshi

Abstract

Due to a significant increase in the number of service user for NHS to facilities, and the ongoing nature of the care required by the service user at the hospitals, it has become ever more important to equip the NHS not only with the specialist facilities but also with the specialist staff that could ensure the best possible care at the hospitals. To achieve the latter, this paper details a service improvement proposal whereby NHS has been recommended to provide a learning disability liaison nurse at the hospitals around England. This paper also justifies the proposed idea employing different types of analysis.

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Strategies to Teach Child with Dyslexia in Classroom

Jin Mao, Colin Turcotte, Arjun Brar

Abstract

In this paper we aim at discussing various strategies adopted by teachers in order to help child with dyslexia cope up with class. The time spent in attaining the education plays a significant part of child’s development. For a teacher, aiding a dyslexic child is a wonderful as well as challenging task. Dyslexic students have learning differences due to which they can’t hold information for long and may not be able to grasp the information at all. It is important to understand that dyslexic learner neither lacks in intelligence nor willfulness, only constant support provided by mentors can help them in learning. However, with the guidance of professional tutors, well equipped and tested strategies- students are able to learn and achieve a lot.

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An Analysis of the Causes of Terrorism in Europe

Felix Sandra Encinas, Faiza Al-Amir Abdulrasool, Mohammed Abd al-Qadir Al Aamri

Abstract

This paper discusses the major causes of terrorism in Europe. Terrorism is a complex set of phenomena. There are common root causes which result in the proliferation of violence in different parts of the world including Europe. This paper provides a comprehensive discussion about the role of right wing and left wing extremism, and national, regional, and international terrorist groups, and the way they affect the peace in the region. The paper also discusses how the treatment of minorities and their suppression might lead to incidents of extremism and terrorism. The aspects of religious and political differences between the people living in the Europe, and how these differences make Europe more vulnerable are covered as well. Based on our previous study (Encinas, 2018), this paper divides Europe into 7 strategic blocks to help understand the terrorism in a regional perspective.  

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An Overview of Cultural History of the Middle East

Aveza Dollie Almeqdadi, Jameel Harun Alshawi, Fikriyya Basir Almarshad

Abstract

The Middle East is a diverse region with heterogeneity in culture. In this paper we will discuss different cultural aspects of Middle East, generating a comprehensive picture of its cultural values and how over the course of time it has changed. We will also discuss religious shift in the region as Middle East is a birthplace of three main religions; Islam, Christianity and Judaism. We will also talk about their day to day life and art and architecture.

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Causes of Financial Instability in Small and Medium Enterprises

Albert Wöcke, Accurate Bletsa, Zhong Ning, chen ying

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The objective of this research paper is to identify and evaluate the root causes of financial instability of small and medium scale enterprises (SMEs). Financial crisis are the most significant challenge for a manager. As Companies after a failed investment have insufficient resources to adjust themselves and overcome the crisis. In this paper, we will evaluate the potential factors which influence the financial situation of small and medium scale enterprise and also discuss few recommendations to overcome these challenges.

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Operations Management: On Identification of Optimal Theory to Solve Queuing Problem in Fashion Retail Stores

Ajay Sangha, Dilmaya Khadka, Karim Tasneem

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This paper provides an insight into the operations management of Primark in the context of queuing problem at the tills. We analyse this problem in light of various queuing theories to determine the most optimal theory. We provide a wide range of recommendations to handle this problem at Primark. This case study and the recommendations will not only help the company in question, but could be used by the retailers in other sectors to improve their operations, consequently achieving efficiency and higher degrees of customer satisfaction.

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A Comparison of Factors in Decision Making for a Hospital Manager and a Business Firm Manager

Mohamed Zayed Al-Khayarain, Haakima al Sharaf, Jummah Muhammad Waadi

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The success of any organization is dependent on effective management. A good manager exploits opportunities, anticipates and acts in favor of the company. In this paper we will discuss different factors that influence the decision of a manager in a business firm and then analyze how these factors influence the decisions made by a manager in a hospital setup. Another important contribution of this paper is the identification of a range of factors that potentially play an important role in management decisions.

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An Overview of the Incidents of Terrorism in the Europe

Felix Sandra Encinas, Faiza Al-Amir Abdulrasool, Mohammed Abd Al-Qadir Al Aamri

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In order to explore the root causes of terrorism in future this, paper records the instances of terrorism in different parts of the Europe. European Union comprises of several nations with entirely different set of issues in the context of terrorism. Although considering every nation individually would have been the ideal way to record the instances, in favor of space, we prefer studying Europe divided into different strategic blocks. This paper briefly discusses various recent instances of terrorism in Europe. We hope that a comprehensive picture emerges from this work about terrorism issues in Europe. This research will help us highlight the root causes of terrorism in future publications.

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Problems Encountered By a Pre-School Teacher

Enzo Gomes Faria, Limoncho Tatoyoz, Muhammad Juman

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In this paper we aim at understanding the various problems encountered by a preschool teacher. The purpose of this paper is to elaborate root problems which are faced by teachers of all spectrums in kindergarten schools. We will also discuss different scenarios these super humans encounter in their day to day routine. It is often thought that teaching kids is fun, which is not always true. The toddlers have sudden mood swings and this can be very irritating for teachers when they have to handle a big class full kids who can’t even handle themselves and find every solution in crying. Patience and engaging activities planned by teachers is the only way which helps them in class control. The other problems faced by them are related to curriculum planning, hectic paperwork, handling administration, working in alliance with parents, low pays, and most of all handling toddler’s behavior.

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Roles of Glycine Betaine and Proline in Improving Plant Abiotic Stress Resistance

Joana Filho, Luís Cardoso, Héctor Rosado

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Glycine betaine and proline are two prominent natural osmolytes that gather in a variety of plant species in response to environmental stresses. In spite of the fact that their real jobs in plant osmotolerance stay controversial, both compounds are thought to have positive effects on enzyme and membrane integrity along with adaptive roles in mediating osmotic adjustment in plants grown under stress conditions. While numerous investigations have shown a positive connection between accumulation of glycine betaine and proline and plant stress tolerance, some have contended that the increase in their concentrations under stress is a product of and not an adaptive response to stress (Ashraf & Foolad, 2007). The accumulation of osmolytes like glycine betaine in the cell is known to ensure life forms against abiotic stresses by means of osmoregulation or osmoprotection. Transgenic plants designed to create glycine betaine accumulate very low concentration of glycine betaine, which normally cannot be sufficient for osmoregulation. In this manner, different jobs of glycine betaine like cell macromolecule security and ROS detoxification have been recommended as components in charge of abiotic stress resilience in transgenic plants. Moreover, glycine betaine impacts articulation of a few endogenous genes in the transgenic plant. New insights gained about the mechanism of stress tolerance in glycine betaine amassing transgenic plants are discussed further. (Giri, 2011)

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Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN): Security and Authentication Methods

Munir Hussain

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The demand for WBAN has increased for last few years because it is useful network to monitor and improve various health conditions of human being. Information’s exchanges among different entities are very sensitive, so it is vital to keep this information’s secure from unauthorized access in order to avoid unpleasant incidents. Security and privacy are the most critical issues. Security is the important issue for any network and especially in WBANs its proper management is very crucial otherwise biomedical data collected by sensor nodes should be mixed with other user’s data. Also patients do not want their personal data to be misused and WBAN should provide the privacy to prevent eavesdropping. Mutual authentication is also a key challenge in WBAN and patients’ data originality and integrity are important for their treatment diagnosis etc. Development of the new mutual authentication schemes in healthcare applications without considering security makes patient privacy vulnerable. In this paper, we discuss communication technologies, possible attacks and recently most used popular authentication methods in WBANs.

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Operational Management: A Tesco UK Case Study

Andrew Hlongwane, Hassan Hadad, Festus Kemi

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Operational management lies at the core of a company’s management. It ensures that the business processes, finance, and the technology in the company is managed affectively to help realise the company’s vision and mission. This paper provides an overview of the financial management, the human resource management aspects of operational management, and information system management of Tesco, a UK retailer.

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Tackling Noisy Students and the Mobile Phone Usage in the Classroom: A Disruptive Behaviour Case Study

Muhammad Adeel, Asghar Hussain

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Disruptive behaviour is the most critical and persistent challenge a teacher faces throughout his career. Pedagogists term disruptive behaviour as the behaviour that stops the process of learning to take place. Disruptive behaviour has a catastrophically demoralising effect on the teachers. Study of the literature reveals that the instances of classroom disruptions date back to the 13th century Rome. An active research in this domain has enabled researchers to devise effective strategies to cope with disruptions of various natures. This case study analyses classroom disruptions caused by students indulged in making excessive noise, and use of mobile phones. We assess physical, emotional, and environmental factors behind these disruptions, and discuss strategies to effectively tackle them.

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Efficient Data Aggregation Scheme in Secure Tree based Wireless Sensor Networks (EDAS)

Khalid Khan

Abstract

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have emerged as an important area of research from the last two decades. In WSNs, sensors have limited memory, computational capability and battery power. One of the solutions to these issues is to reduce the data transmission and today, various data aggregation protocols have been proposed to reduce network traffic. But they created security issues like authentication, data integrity and freshness. Hop-by-hop secure data aggregation protocols were proposed to provide security along with data aggregation function. But, data on the aggregators still need to be secured because aggregators are exposed to node compromises. End-to-end secure data aggregation protocols are proposed. They provide end-to-end security and privacy of data. One of these protocols is Secure End-to-End Data Aggregation (SEEDA), which ensured end-to-end privacy of data. However, the protocol has higher communication cost and computational overheads because it sends extra bits/data regarding non-responding nodes and performs unnecessary computations for non-responding nodes. I proposed new protocol, EDAS which reduces 12% to 25% communication and computational overheads as compared to SEEDA and it is also efficient in energy consumption.

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Collecting Statistical Parameters on Mobile Phones for Detection of Security Attacks and Mobile Malware

M Adeel, L N Tokarchuk, M A Azam, S K A Khan

Abstract

Communication between mobiles using technologies like Bluetooth, MMS, SMS, Mobile and Home Broadband can increases their susceptibility to mobile security threats. In the past few years, mobile malware has emerged as one of the major threats for modern-day mobile devices. Since the first malware outbreak in 2004, hundreds of mobile viruses, worms, Trojans and spyware and over thousands of their variants have been discovered. With such a large number of ever-evolving malware, it is challenging to develop an electronic system capable of detecting such malware. In this work, the statistical data generated as a consequence of interactions on mobile devices and the mechanism of recording this data against statistical parameters on mobile devices is discussed. We also provide a detailed taxonomy of the low and high-order statistical parameters, and discuss how these parameters (besides utilisation in other scenarios) can be affectively utilised in the detection of a variety of security attacks and malware types.

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